Teaching techniques for students with ADD/ADHD
Teaching techniques that help students with ADD/ADHD focus and maintain their concentration
on your lesson and their work can be beneficial to the entire class.
Starting a lesson
- Signal the start of a lesson with an aural cue, such as an egg timer, a cowbell or a horn.
(You can use subsequent cues to show much time remains in a lesson.)
- List the activities of the lesson on the board.
- In opening the lesson, tell students what they’re going to learn and what your
expectations are. Tell students exactly what materials they’ll need.
- Establish eye contact with any student who has ADD/ADHD.
Conducting the lesson
- Keep instructions simple and structured.
- Vary the pace and include different kinds of activities. Many students with ADD do well
with competitive games or other activities that are rapid and intense.
- Use props, charts, and other visual aids.
- Have an unobtrusive cue set up with the student who has ADD/ADHD, such as a touch
on the shoulder or placing a sticky note on the student’s desk, to remind the student to
stay on task.
- Allow a student with ADD/ADHD frequent breaks.
- Let the student with ADHD squeeze a Koosh ball or tap something that doesn’t make
noise as a physical outlet.
- Try not to ask a student with ADD/ADHD perform a task or answer a question publicly
that might be too difficult.
Ending the lesson
- Summarize key points.
- If you give an assignment, have three different students repeat it, then have the class say
it in unison, and put it on the board.
- Be specific about what to take home.